Author Archives: shahishaharyar

About shahishaharyar

Chartered civil engineer,Fellow institution of engineers India, Member Indian road congress,Member American society of civil engineers, Presented over 40 papers in various seminars,published books on environment,history,genealogy.



If you want to know:

  • How Islam reached Kashmir and Kerala at the very time of Prophet Muhammad (PBH)
  • How besides other individuals from time to time since then, a century earlier than the arrival of Hazrat Bulbul Shah (RA) Sayid Baqir arrived from Iran along with 1200 Sayids and was buried in Thune Wusan village near Kangan in 655 AH.
  • About the Sufi orders common in Kashmir like Suhrawardyah, Kubraviah, Qadiryah, Naqshbandyah, Chistyah, Shazlyah, Madinyah.
  • About Hamadanis, Baihaqi Sayids and Rishi order of Kashmir.
  • About Hazrat Sultan-ul-Arifin (RA), his miracles and those of his disciples.
  • Biographies of ancestor Saints of Fazili dynasty (Family tree in Urdu Version)
  • Family tree and biography of Shaikh Sayid Abdul Qadir Jeelani (RA)from Hazrat Adam (AS)
  • Spiritual lineages of the orders of Suhrawardyah , Qadiryah, Shazlyah, Madinyah Chistyah, Naqshbandyah orders with biographies of certain local saints.
  • Family tree of Dedamari dynasty.
  • Biographies of Saints of Zunimar Nowshehra Srinagar with certain family trees.
  • Biographies of ancestors of Mirwaiz dynasty.
  • Family tree of Mujaddad Alf Sani Hazrat Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi (RA) from Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA), his spiritual lineage with certain biographies.
  • List of rulers and some contemporary Saints of Kashmir from 1343 AD to 2014 AD (671 years).

You can order on line your issue of “SUFI SAINTS OF KASHMIR” from or Also you can buy its Urdu version “Tazkira Salikin-i-Kashmir” from Shaikh Usman & Sons Gawkadal Srinagar Kashmir.

Book Review of Sufi Saints of Kashmir and Tazkira Salikin-i-Kashmir


Book review of Sufi Saints of Kashmir (English) and Tazkira Salikin-i-Kashmir (Urdu) Usman Publishers Gawkadal Srinagar (Author: Sayid Ashraf Shah)

English Version:

Book: Sufi Saints of Kashmir

Author: Sayid Ashraf Shah

Publisher: Partridge India (Panguin)

Order from:

ISBN: Soft cover: 978-1-4828-4062-9

eBook: 978-1-4828-4061-2

Year of Publication: 2014

Pages: 780

Urdu Version:

Book: Tazkira Salikin-i-Kashmir

Publisher: Shaikh Usman & Sons Book sellers Gawkadal Srinagar

ISBN: 978-81-8339-247-1

Year of Publication: 2015

Pages 698

In these books the gist from the age-old rare manuscripts makes startling revelations and provides insight into many aspects of our rich cultural heritage that has shaped our thoughts and beliefs over the centuries.
Part I makes a startling assertion about the earliest introduction of Islam in Kashmir in the very time of the Prophet Mohammad (PBH), when two of his companions (Sahabis) visited Kashmir and King Rana Dutta adopted simplicity and fixed one tenth of his revenue (ushur) for the poor. Another handwritten manuscript reveals abour burial date of Sayid Baqir at Thune village in Wusan Kangan in 655 AH (A century earlier than the arrival of Hazrat Bulbul Shah, the former had arrived here along with 1200 Sayids. It carries an introduction by late Mubarak Shah Fitrat – a versatile scholar. The subjects like introduction of Islam in Kashmir and the details of the fourteen  orders (silsilas) that sprang from the Prophet (PBUH) and the orders that became popular in Kashmir like Suhrawardya, Qadirya, Kubravya, Chishtya and Naqshbandya, are covered in the book. A brief life sketch with lineage of Sayid Abdul Qadir Jilani (RA) Mir Syed Ali Hamdani (RA), Baihaqi Sayids, and the details of descendents of Naqshbandi, Qadiri and Rishi orders have been  included.

Part II covers various topics with introduction from the compiler. The book is based on the Urdu translation of the Persian poetry – MAJMOOA MASMOOA – the related stories written by Pirzada Ghulam Rasool Shaiva Zunimari ( migrated later to Gamroo Bandipora), father of the renowned historian of Kashmir Pir Hasan Shah Fazili Khoihami. The Urdu  translation was accomplished by late Kh. Nazir Ahmad Kashtwari (Retd. Under Secretary General Department J&K Govt.). The subjects cover praises of Allah, Prophet Mohammad (PBUH), the four Khalifas (RA), Hazrat Sulta-ul Arifeen Sheikh Hamza Makhdoom Kashmiri (RA), conversion of Ganesh Koul the Qanoongo to Islam at the hands of Sheikh Hamza (RA), and the miracles of the disciples and their descendents. It has also an advice by the author to his sons. The Persian poetry of the manuscript has been ranked at par to the Masnavi of Maulana Rumi (RA).

Part III contains topics with introduction by Dr. A.R.War. It covers brief biographies of the Sufi Saints referred in the second volume. It also contains the spiritual lineages (Shajras) of Suhrawardya, Qadirya, Shazilya, Madinya, Chishtya, Naqshbandya orders – copied from the original handwritten manuscripts of Sheikh Abdul Haq Muhaddith Dehlavi (RA), Sheikh Murad Naqshbandi (RA) – the preceptor of the historian Kh. Azam Dedamari; Sheikh Baba Daud Khaki, etc. The lineage of Sheikh Ahmad Sirhindi from Hazrat Umar(RA) to his descendants who migrated and settled in Kashmir  with a life sketch of Sheikh Ahmad Sirhindi Mujaddid Alf Sani (RA) is alo covered in the book. The family trees of Qadiris, Ahmadi Farouqis, Fazilis etc, is also recorded in the book. The compiling of the material for the book has called for a sustained effort on part of the compiler for decades together, and is an effort to bring to limelight the prevalent Sufi culture in Kashmir, which has shaped the humble, tolerant, hospitable and peace-loving nature of its inhabitants over the past few centuries.





Please correct the web address as

Originally posted on My Blog:

Latest Publication- a must read



Sayid Ashraf Shah

ISBN 13 (TP) : 0781482840629

ISBN 13 (eBook) : 9781482840612


A product of research that spans over three decades. Sayid Ashraf Shah’s new publication details the unique history of introduction of Islam in Kashmir, its fourteen Sufi orders and the miracles of the Saints of Kashmir.

View original



Latest Publication- a must read



Sayid Ashraf Shah

ISBN 13 (TP) : 0781482840629

ISBN 13 (eBook) : 9781482840612


A product of research that spans over three decades. Sayid Ashraf Shah’s new publication details the unique history of introduction of Islam in Kashmir, its fourteen Sufi orders and the miracles of the Saints of Kashmir.

Decks behind dykes


Decks behind dykes

Er. Mohammad Ashraf Fazili

American author Mary Mapes Dodge’s story of the little boy who averted a flood disaster by sticking his finger in the dyke is famous all over the world. I had a poem about it (in our poetry book in FSC class) in SP College in 1957-59. The courage and sacrifice of the young boy who saved his country from drowning (least caring about his own life) mesmerises one.

A son of lockmaster, the 8-year-old nameless boy who lives near Haarlem one day discovers a leak in the dyke. The dyke is about to burst any moment. The little boy doesn’t think twice but sticks his finger in the hole. The water stops flowing. There he is, with nobody around to help the little hero. Evening comes and then night falls. It gets colder and colder. Apparently nobody in his family thinks of going to look for the little fellow. The result is that the child (numb with cold) is not found until morning (by the vicar).

Now his father and the authorities quickly take action and all ends well. By a curious whim of fate the anonymous hero erroneously became known under the name of Hans Brinker. It was not Mary Mapes Dodge who gave him that name, but unknown readers who couldn’t remember the names of the heroes in the book and got them mixed up. Its writer probably didn’t foresee that the story would become such a huge success. It was frequently reissued and adapted.

In comparison to this story we have this story by a columnist-cum-chartered accountant Abdul Majid Zargar about the drowning of Srinagar city that caused a loss of life besides made slush worth over a trillion rupees property. Post-floods, those responsible for floods are still at the helm of affairs.

Chief Minister Omar Abdullah admitted the brazen role of MLA Chadoora, Javaid Mustafa Mir in obstructing the breach of Kandizal area. The failure at political and administrative level to take necessary steps to save Srinagar city from ravaging floods is an unpardonable crime for which heads should have rolled and guilty behind the bars by now.

Omar terms Kandizal as a flood basin “that’s a 25-year-old perspective”. The fact of the matter is that presently more than 200,000 people reside in that area. The chief minister wants us to believe that mischief was played only by PDP’s Mir and quite conveniently omits to mention the resistance offered by his own friend and MLA Amira Kadal to open up flood gates at Padshai Bagh.

He skips to mention the role of his education minister Akbar Lone who refused to allow diversion of water to Wullar Lake by reportedly using choicest abuses and invectives for officials pleading for prompt diversion as per the standard operating procedure.

It is true that Kandizal breach took place itself but the crucial question is when. It was on 4th of September that Mustafa Mir along with his few goons brandished a gun at Kandizal site & threatened to kill any body & everybody who dares to breach it. It was on 6th September that water finally overflew Kandizal.

Kashmir is a graveyard of many reputations, writes Zargar, It has demolished many a kings, rulers & dynasties.

The author is a retired engineer and can be mailed



Kashmir Floods: A Chronology
Floods History Posted on: Monday, November 3rd, 2014

Er. Mohammad Ashraf Fazili

Kashmiris have faced floods since the very beginning of life in valley. Over the years, many measures were adopted to confine floods, but it is unfortunate that the authorities never devised a serious strategy to safeguard the lives and property. The recent deluge is one such instance that highlighted a lapse in state government’s preventive measures.

Authorities must plan to tackle natural calamities by learning from the successful models of other nations. If Netherlands can remain safe below the sea level, why can’t we protect our valley from the catastrophe that has been striking us every now and then?

But yes, the recent floods have provided us an opportunity to rise to the occasion and give top priority—first, to rehabilitation of the flood victims; and next, to reform the Master Plan for floods on the advice of the expert consultants and adopt measures without loss of any time.

We should stay alarmed as ours is a ‘flooded’ history.

4000 years of flood history say: these floods were caused due to rains. Only two major floods occurred due to earthquakes.

In 2014 BC, the era of Raja Sundar Sen (2083-2042 BC), earthquake struck in the night time; and old city of Sindmat Nagar sank underground. Water gushed forth from bottom and Wullar lake came into being. Rock fell at Khadanyar Baramulla. As a result, valley got drowned up to Bijbehara in south Kashmir. Boatmen would see the rooftops under water for a long time.

In the era of Raja Durlab Dron (617-635 AD) during 7th century AD, Jhelum breached its banks. It changed its direction at Nawpopra and entered the valley of Vital Marg and gave birth to Dal Lake.

During 8th century AD in the era of Lalitaditya (715-752 AD), incessant rains submerged the whole city including Raj Mahal, which was shifted to Letapora. Hundreds of houses were washed away by floods in Srinagar.

In the period Raja Avantiverman (872-900 AD) in 9th century AD, an earthquake struck valley. Rocks came close at Khadanyar. The entire area got drowned up to Bijbehara, causing famine. An ingenious scheme of throwing gold coins in the river bed at Khadanyar was devised during this period. And thereby, divers cleared the way.

During 10th century AD in the era of Raja Parth Warma (923-934 AD), floods washed away houses in the city; and dead bodies floated in Jhelum. Paddy fields destroyed causing famine.

In the era of Raja Harash Dev (1103-1114 AD) during 12th century AD, floods damaged all crops causing famines. People bought food stuffs by the weight of gold.

In the reign of Sultan Shahab-ud-Din (1360-1378 AD) during 14th century AD, floods damaged 20,000 houses in Srinagar, Sonawari and other low-lying areas.

photo (2)

During 16th century AD in the era of Ali Shah Chak (1570-1579 AD), whole valley got inundated. All agricultural land was submerged. Landslides took place. Hundreds of houses got damaged. And, famine continued for three years.

In the era of Ibrahim Khan (1678-1686 AD) during 17th century AD, a continuous rains for one month caused devastating floods. Houses were washed away which floated on water like boats with inmates weeping and wailing. All the bridges gave way. Agriculture land and cattle were washed away. This was known as Tughyan-i-behad—that is, floods without borders. The areas that escaped floods were shaken by earthquakes, killing hundreds of people. Thousands of houses collapsed.

During 18th century AD in the era of Nawazish Khan (1709-1710 AD), torrential rainfall and winds caused floods resulting in great damage to agriculture and buildings. After this, a devastating fire broke out in Mohalla Malchimar in Safakadal, which destroyed twenty ajacent Mohallas and 40,000 houses in them.

Again in the era of Afrasiab Khan (1746-1748 AD), rains caused floods. It damaged crops. River overflowed its banks. Thousands of houses got damaged in the city. People died of starvation. The dead bodies could not be handled; shrouds were rare. Dead bodies would be wrapped in grass and thrown into river, which contaminated the water. About one third population perished. Others fled valley; and the rest stayed back to face the famine.

In the era of Amir Khan (1771-1772 AD), floods hit the valley which also washed away his Diwan Khana along with plenty of agricultural land and all bridges. After the floods, Sher Garhi was rebuilt with strong walls and grand buildings.

During 19th century in the era of Shaikh Ghulam Mohi-ud-Din (in 1841 AD), Jhelum overflowed its banks due to incessant rains. There was a breach of Qazizad bund and water entered Srinagar. Maximum damage took place in Rainawari and Khanyar areas. All bridges from Fatehkadal to Sumbal were washed away.

In the era of Maharaja Partap Singh during 20th century AD, a continuous rainfall for 59 hours on July 24, 1903, resulted in overflowing of Jhelum. All the low lying areas of the city were flooded. People saved their lives by rushing to higher areas. Houses and cattle got washed away. Many people died because of drowning.

In 1959 AD in the era of Bakhshi Ghulam Mohammad, flood known as FORD damaged crops and property.

Now in recent September floods, everybody witnessed death very closely; their property perished before their very eyes.

Er. Mohammad Ashraf Fazili

(Er. Mohammad Ashraf Fazili is a retired chief engineer)


Share On Facebook
Email this article
Print this article