Monthly Archives: July 2017

About The Institution of Engineers (India)   Jammu & Kashmir State Centre Srinagar


The Institution of Engineers (India) is the world’s largest multidisciplinary professional body that encompasses 15 engineering disciplines and provides engineers a global platform from which to share professional interest. IE(I) has membership strength of more than 0.8 million. Established in 1920, with its headquarters at Kolkata, it has served the engineering fraternity for over nine decades. In this period of time it has been inextricably linked with the history of modern-day engineering.

In 1935, IE(I) was incorporated by Royal Charter and remains the only professional body in India to be accorded this honor. Today, its professional quest has given it a place of pride in almost every prestigious and relevant organization across the globe. IE(I) functions among professional engineers, academicians and research workers. It provides a vast array of technical, professional and supporting services to the Government, Industries, Academia and the Engineering fraternity, operating from 120 Centres located across the country and 05 Overseas. Every year as many as 90000 candidates appear for these examinations. The Institution has established R&D centres at various locations in the country and also provides grant-in-aid to its members to conduct research and development on engineering subjects.

IE(I) conducts Section A&B Examinations in different Engineering disciplines, the successful completion of which is recognized as equivalent to Degree in appropriate field of Engineering of recognized Universities of India by the Ministry of Human Resources Development, Govt. of India. Every year as many as 90000 candidates appear for these exams. For details please see:

The J&K State Centre was established in 1960 and has completed its 57 years of existence in June 2017. This was later followed by the establishment of a Local Centre at Jammu.

The J&K State Centre has been regularly conducting technical programs, presentations, discussions and interactive sessions for the benefit of engineers in particular and the public in general.

Today’s presentation of the Draft Master Plan of Srinagar City (2015-35) is a step in this direction.

Er. Mohammad Ashraf Fazili FIE Chairman IE(I) J&KSC Srinagar





Suggestions for the Master Plan-2035



01) Recently Srinagar city has been enlisted as the smart city among the other 100 declared smart cities of the country. At the outset, we need to know what this smart city means and if its parameters have been considered in this Master Plan or need some modification.

02) Planned Housing with adequate free space: Well planned stepped housing colonies could be sited on hill-slopes facing south like Ganderbal to Dhara, which could have open sunlight, fresh breeze, efficient drainage, no flooding problem, ensured water supply, and electricity supply, solar power facilities etc. Such hill slopes are also available on Panthachok to Khunmoh etc. The colonies could be built by an agency following strictly the building bye-laws with no subsequent deviation by the beneficiaries. Selected spots could be provided with vertical expansion and flat system introduced as prevalent outside the valley. The requirement of the housing needs to be assessed according to the population growth and displacement of the people from the congested areas or water bodies. All establishment of new colonies should precede with provision of complete infrastructure like roads, drainage, sewerage, electrification etc.

03) Traffic Management on modern lines: Traffic planning is a branch of road traffic engineering, for which a separate wing in R&B Deptt. needs to be created to advise & monitor the proper geometrics of the road according to the IRC Code of practice. These shall include providing of lay-byes for the bus stands, design of road curves and intersections, level of foot paths with their design requirement, prescribed road markings, lanes demarcation, fixing of CCTV cameras at appropriate places to monitor violation of traffic rules for which the public need to be educated. In this connection there should be a compulsory well recognized school of driving to provide a certificate after passing out the course as is the practice in outside countries.

04) Road Networking, Market spaces, and Pavements: Road Networking needs to be designed according to the growing traffic demand. While as the number of vehicles are added every day irrespective of the consideration of available road space. This process needs to be limited within the parameters of the available road space, besides providing the required multistoried parking spaces adjacent to shopping malls. The prescribed rule of providing parking space in the basement floor in every shopping mall or future construction in the city needs to be got implemented by SMC in letter & spirit. This restriction has been violated by almost all the malls and calls for urgent action by the implementing agencies. Instead of allowing shops all along the new roads, spaces need to be earmarked for shopping centers with parking space and facilities of public utilities. Requirement of grade separators need to be visualized in the Master Plan and work carried out systematically. Our foot paths are generally not constructed according to the IRC specifications with the result pedestrians are often subjected to accidents/fractures. We must invite the best consultancy on the subject and strictly implement the same. For this a visit to Abu Dhabi by our planners could be most beneficial.

05) Along the crescent shaped Zabarwan foot hills we could plan a metro train relieving pressure on the boulevard avoiding the proposed widening of the road, besides serving as a tourist attraction overlooking the Dal lake. Besides, we could also plan a metro line along the bank of river Jhelum from Pampore to Chattabal with a few cross lines into the city.

06) Restoration of traditional graveyards, and their scientific management. The centuries old earmarked graveyards like Malakhah need to be restored after removing the unauthorized constructions by settling them in other colonies and a management body be created to provide for the carriage, digging of graves, and  the covering of the graves with tomb stones etc. besides, planting of flowering bulbs and their upkeep. This would generate ensured employment among those connected with the profession. The management body must have an office equipped with telephone, vehicles, and other accessories needed for the purpose.

07) Smart Housing Projects in congested areas, like Core Area Srinagar, to create open spaces.

Under the Circular Road System some decongestion of the areas was executed earlier besides the construction of a few new bridges, but the work seems to have been slowed down for unknown reasons. The decongestion could be made more effective by construction of alternative accommodation in the flats or colonies to the displaced family and open spaces converted in to parks, schools, medical centres, shopping centres, parking areas etc.

08) Public Amenities, like street lights, Parks, Play grounds, Parking slots. The city is lacking in public amenities like the designed toilets in market places proportionate to the number of shops, with the result there is a general complaint that being a tourist place the city of Srinagar and other towns and tourist spots, does not have sufficient toilets provided with modern facilities and disposal system. Similarly the street lights already provided have been defunct for years together and there seems no one to look after these in spite of repeated requests to the concerned departments of electricity and SMC. A separate cell needs to be created to look after this aspect with proper regular maintenance. Spaces need to be earmarked for the Parks, Play grounds and Parking slots and the displaced families be provided with alternative housing in colonies or flats.

09) Cleaning of drains, creating sumps, and dewatering stations that work round the clock:The regular cleaning, upkeep, and maintenance of the surface and deep drains need to be entrusted to a single body, who be made responsible as its failure creates frequent public inconvenience and resentment. The sumps and dewatering stations of designed capacities need to be provided both electrical and diesel pumps to ensure round the clock functioning besides, the dewatering stations need to be relocated at a level higher that the HFL to avoid non functioning during floods as experienced in September-14 floods.

10) De-siltation and dredging of flood channels: Time bound de-siltation and dredging of FS channel besides, it extension beyond its tail end to Wular Lake need to be considered for its efficient functioning. All encroachments need to be removed without ant delay as the flood does not keep any timetable.

11) Restoration of Jhelum. Restoration of Jhelum to its regime width and depth needs to be ensured. Time bound dredging needs to be ensured by deployment of sufficient and designed dredgers and responsibility fixed for any delay as the flooding involves the risk of lives and the property. In this connection recommendations made in various seminars including that of the Institution of Engineers India J&K State Centre Srinagar and submitted to the Government from time to time need to be considered seriously to avoid a future catastrophe.

12) Straightening and beautification of dykes. The guide bunds need to be strengthened by properly designed structures with necessary beautification. If the channels passing through the European/Gulf /Chinese/Japanese cities could be maintained neat and clean, why can’t we? It needs to be given a serious thought being an international tourist place.

13) Inland Water Transport: A scheme for Inland Water Transport on River Jhelum from Pampore to Chattabal (to be extended in future to Khannabal on upstream and to Baramulla on downstream besides, Dal Lake & Wular Lake) was formulated in 1998 by SDA retaining M/S Rites as consultants and the DPR is gathering dust in the office of the Chief Engineer I&FC Department for unknown reasons. Besides providing an alternative mode of transport decongesting the present surface transport, it would provide a tourist attraction to moor through the historic city of Srinagar besides, boosting the trade on the river banks. The 50 seated mechanized vessels were designed to carry the passengers besides of a lesser number of seated tourist boats. The project needs to be implemented without any further delay.

14) Solid Waste Disposal: After conducting chemical tests in 1981, the consultants “M/S Universal Enviroscience” recommended setting up of Mechanical Compost Plant after a period of 5 years of sanitary land fill. The compost would be sold to the farmers at subsidized cost to enrich the soil as per practice in other cities of India including Delhi Muncipal Corporation. We have encroached on 1000 kanal wetland at Achan Eidgah instead and the process is on.

15) New Ganderbal Hydro-electric Project: Lately the good sense has prevailed after a loss of 15 years when infrastructure was undertaken for 93 MW New Ganderbal Hydroelectric Project – so close to Srinagar city having less transmission losses besides providing a water conductor for the city water supply.

16) Setting up BIS Licensed Laboratory: It is surprising to know that in J&K State, there is no BIS-licensed testing laboratory for materials to be used in the construction works or for the end products. This makes our structures unsafe, our expenses on the development works infractuous. At present such laboratory exists either in Roorkee or at Delhi. We must strongly plead for establishment of such a laboratory in Srinagar city. Spending crores on projects construction must make a provision of setting up a BIS licensed laboratory in view of the safety of the construction works.

Er. Mohammad Ashraf Fazili FIE

Chairman IEI J&K SC Srinagar


Presentation of Draft Master Plan of Srinagar City by Chief Town Planner Kashmir on 5th July 2017 at the auditorium of the Institution of Engineers (India) J&K State Centre Srinagar


Chairman’s Address

 Honourable Minister of State for Housing and Urban Development, Social Welfare, Health and Medical Education Madam Aasya Naqash Sahibah, Er. Khurshid Ahmad Ganai IAS Chief Information Commissioner J&K Govt., Mr. Fayaz Ahmad Khan CTP Kashmir, honored guests, Assalam-u-Alaikum.

We, professional engineers assembled here today are honored to have amongst us Madam Aasya Naqash Honble MOS for Housing & Urban Development, Social Welfare, Health & Medical Education as our Chief Guest, Er. Khurshid Ahmad Ganai IAS (Retd.) Chief Information Commissioner J&K Govt. as our Guest of Honor , Ar. Fayaz Ahmad Khan Chief Town Planner Kashmir on this historic occasion of the presentation of the Draft Master Plan 2015-2035, organized for the invitation of the comments/suggestions both in spoken words and/or in writing.

To begin with, I would like to quote about Kashmir by a Persian couplet by a poet:

در  جستجو چون طوطی کردہ عالم را— مثل تو کس ندیدہ ونی از کسی شنیدہ                                                                                    

i.e. As I searched the entire world for my beloved, I could see or hear of no place like you.

Similarly Hazrat Shaikh Shahab-ud-din Suhrawardy (RA) said about eight centuries back:

کان الکشمیر لساکینھا  —–  جنات عدن ھی للمومنین

قد کتب اللہ علٰی بابھا —-  داخلھا کان من الآمنین  

i.e. Kashmir is for its residents, as the paradise is for the faithful. On its door is written, “He who enters it shall remain in peace and safety.”

If one enters the historic Khankah-i-Mualla, you will find this couplet inscribed on its entrance door centuries back.

Thus Kashmir was known as a place of peace and serenity. We know that all the development is subservient to peace. One of the main reasons of the haphazard development of the Srinagar city and the abuse of the former two master plans of the Srinagar city has been the frequent disturbances.

As we already know that the Town Planning Organization Kashmir has put the Draft Master Plan of Srinagar Metropolitan area in the public domain on 18th May 2017 and invited comments within two months from one and all among the citizens. Besides, the expansion of the city limits have been targeted from 416 sq. kms to 766 sq. kms. i.e. 84% increase and the population of Srinagar metropolitan Region has been indicated to be 3.4 million excluding the floating population.

Having put a constraint of two months for submission of suggestions by TPO, we are holding this second deliberation on the Master Plan-35 within a brief gap of 4 weeks only, to hit their fixed target.

We are thankful to INTACH Kashmir Chapter for presenting a summary of the said Draft Master Plan in this auditorium on 12th June 2010, which attracted an audience of high dignitaries presenting their suggestions. However there was general opinion that the soft/hard copy of the document was not made available to them for furnishing their detailed comments.

Hence it was felt that we should know the salient features of the Master Plan from its architect Mr. Fayaz Ahmad Khan CTP Kashmir and in this connection we must be highly thankful to Er. Khurshid Ahmad Ganai (IAS) Retd. Chief Information Commissioner J&K State, for taking keen interest in arranging this event.

We must also know that the present planning exercise is a great planning effort by TPO Kashmir for the city of Srinagar. The in-depth studies of various dimensions of urban development of the city speak greatly about the efforts gone into the formulation of the document. Now it is the duty of a conscious citizen to express and involve in the process of planning as envisaged in the Draft Master Plan. It is said that it is appropriate to strike the iron when it is hot than crying a horse at a later date. It is hoped that today’s exercise will go a long way in making positive contribution in rectifying our past mistakes and a strong Apex-body shall be nominated by the Govt. to monitor and ensure the implementation of the Master Plan, once it is finalized.

A word about the history of evolution of Cities and the city of Srinagar: Kashmir has the distinction of being the only place in the world that has a recorded chronological history for the past about 6ooo years.

The Settling of Man: Farming and the City

Over the first 2 million years of human history, our ancestors were entirely dependent upon nature’s whims for food. It is only within the last 10,000 years that they have settled down to farm the land and control their own food supply. The earliest settlements were farming villages. But as crop surplus grew and trade & industry thrived, the village became the organized city, crowded with specialist craftsmen, builders, carriers, sculptors, physicians, bureaucrats & priests.

The rise of Civilization:

Writing or town planning, monumental architecture or a legal code, sophisticated farming or the working of metals; the ancient cultures Mesopotamia, Peru, Babylon, Egypt, China, Minoan Crete, the Indus rose in a broad climatic band that favored the growth of crops.

The Oldest known City Mari:

The 7,000-year-old ancient city of Mari (known today as Tell Hariri) is one of the oldest known cities in the world, located on the west bank of the Euphrates River in what was once northern Mesopotamia (now eastern Syria). Thousands of years of erosion nearly wiped Mari from the pages of history, but it was rediscovered by a local Bedouin in the 1930s and since then has emerged from the sands following extensive excavations. It is now recognized as the oldest known planned city in the world, and a powerful center for trade, bronze smelting, and impressive technological and archaeological innovations.

The Indus: Ancient Town Planning

Ancient history of India reveals that long long ago; Indians knew the science of road construction.

The excavations/at Mohenjodaro and Harappa (Pakistan) have established that even in 3500 years BC, there was a well designed network of roads, and streets were paved at that time. These twin cities contained about 30,000 inhabitants each at their peak. Its towns were planned according to a rigorous rectangular grid system-even the bricks were made of uniform size. Particular care was taken over the water supply and the drainage and washing facilities. Houses often built two storey high, included bathrooms served by earthenware pipes. In some cases sit-down toilets were built, with sloping channels to drain in the street

Thus by 2500 BC, Cities were established in three major centres: the Nile Valley, Mesopotamia and the Indus Valley, with scattering of other cities across the intervening terrain.

Over the course of 2000 years from 3500 BC cities evolved in many different ways, reflecting the culture from which they emerged, outside pressures and the preoccupation of their rulers.


Our Srinagar city too has a long history of about 2000 years as traced from 3rd century BC to 21st century AD:

272 BC: King Asoka founded Sri Nagra at Purana Dishtina (Pandrethan)-old capital.

631 AD: King Parversena built Parverpora close to Koh-i-Maran on a higher ground.

725 AD: King Lalitaditya built Prihaspora 20 kms. away from Srinagar.

King Jahapida laid out the city of Jayapura

9th century AD: King Awantivarman  founded the city of Awantipura. Suya Minister Engineer of Awantivarman drained Kashmir Valley.

These were followed by setting up capitals at Kaniskapura, Juskapura,Hushkapura

1128 AD: Zulchu Khan invaded Kashmir and burnt the city of Lalitaditya.

14th century AD: King Rinchan Shah (Sultan Sadr-ud-Din) built his city at Budhgair on the right bank of river Jhelum. Central Asian architecture was introduced by the Muslim missionaries.

1342-54 A.D.—Sultan Ala-ud-Din extended Rinchan’s city along right bank of river Jhelum and built a new town Ala-ud-Din pora—now covering Khankahi Mualla and Malik Angan.

1429-70 A.D.—King Zainul Abidin built his capital 3 Kms. away from the city on north side and named it Nav-Shahr (new town) and opened a navigable channel (Nalla Mar) between Dal and Anchar Lake and also built the first bridge on river Jhelum called Zaina Kadal leading to the expansion of the city on the left bank as well.

15th. Century—Muslim rulers added 5 more bridges on river Jhelum and named it as Shar-i-Kashmir.

1566-1752 A.D.—Mughals constructed mosques, gardens, a rampart/ fortification around central hillock of Kohi Maran, where King Akbar had built a township named Nagar-nagari.

1752-1829—In Afghan rule Amir Mohammad Khan (1770-76) built a fort named Shergarhi on left bank of river Jhelum and a bridge on river Jhelum called Amira Kadal.

1810 A.D.—A dominant fort was built by Atta Mohammad Khan on the top of the hillock Kohi Maran.

1819-46 A.D.—In 1835 in Sikh rule Mahan Singh constructed gurdawara Chatti Padshahi. A navigable flood spill channel—Tsunti Khul constructed from Ram Munshi Bagh to Basant Bagh and renamed the city as Srinagar.

1846-1947 A.D.—Dogra rulers selected Shergarhi as their palace but later on shifted to Lake Front and used the Shergarhi as secretariat.

2nd half of 19th century—devastating floods, fires, famines and earthquakes struck the city but restoration was made simultaneously.

1890’s—Residency established, new schools, 1st intermediate college (S.P. College) and Central Library opened and piped water supply to city started.

1921-31—A silk factory and Govt. Woollen mill, Banihal Cart Road connecting Jammu and Rawalpindi constructed. Barbar Shah Bridge constructed, Gupkar road widened, Boulevard on Dal fringe connecting city with Mughal gardens, housing colonies came up at Wazir Bagh, Ram Munshi Bagh, Karan Nagar, Amar Singh Degree College, and S.M.H.S. Hospital got established.

1947—Dogra rule ended.

1947-1999—Srinagar city recorded a faster growth, but in a most haphazard manner. Small housing colonies of Jawahir nagar, Balgarden, Nursingh ghar, Sutra Shahi, Batamaloo, Chanapora, Bemina, Lal Bazar, Buchpora etc., Construction of Kashmir University, Regional Engineering College, Medical College, New Secretariat building, a good no. of educational institutions, hospitals,3 no. stadiums, fruit mandi, industrial estates, HMT, Bemina Woollen Mills, National Highway by-pass (17) Kms. got constructed.

1947-2000 A.D.—There was a sizable increase in other physical and social infrastructure but not commensurate with the population growth in the city.

Srinagar Municipality was established in Dogra rule in 1886. In 1960 it covered an area of 28 Sq. Kms. in 2000 SMC consisted of 17 wards with 952 mohallas and/ or villages and covered an area of 177 sq. Kms.

The first ever comprehensive plan for ensuring its sustainable development is reported to have been undertaken during the reign of Maharaja Gulab Singh in the aftermath of devastating floods of 1902. After 1947, Srinagar has been growing very fast, mostly in a haphazard manner.

The 1st comprehensive Master Plan 1971-1991 was extended till 2000 and a new Master Plan for 2000-2021 was prepared by the SDA and approved by the Govt. for implementation. It was recommended that an Apex Agency headed by a Senior Officer be appointed for ensuring periodical review of the Master Plan, its implementation and achievements of targets, monitoring of urban growth and development, failing which this Master Plan will be another plan on the shelf and that proved to be right with the passage of time.

Now learning from the past mistakes, a new Draft Master Plan Srinagar Metropolitan Region-2035 is in our hands to be deliberated upon. It is hoped that the suggestions/opinions shall be taken on board and considered while finalizing the same and the plan shall be implemented in a time bound manner and not made to starve for want of funds and a strong political will needed for its time bound implementation with proper monitoring by an Apex body.


A word about Srinagar Development Authority:

The Srinagar Development Authority was constituted under section 3 of Jammu and Kashmir Development Act, 1970, ( enforced in the whole of the State w.e.f. 31st  October 1970 by Notification S.R.O 518 dated 31-10-1970), the Local Area delineated  vide SRO 43 dated  2nd February 1971 for the purpose of  this Act formed the area of jurisdiction of the Authority. First Master Plan of said the Local area was approved by Government and notified vide  SRO 754 dated  22nd November 1976.  The second Master Plan ( 2000 – 2021 ) has  been presently  under operation and implementation which stands approved by Govt. vide Cabinet Decision No. 11/1 dated 16-01-2003 and notified vide SRO-28 dated 30th and notified vide SRO-28 dated 30th January 2003. Now the present Draft Master Plan 2035 is the third statutory planning exercise carried out for Srinagar city in 45 years.


The objectives of the Authority is to promote and secure the development of the local area, according to plan and for that purpose the Authority has the power to acquire, hold,  manage and dispose of land and other property, to carry out  building, engineering  and  other  operations, to  execute  works in  connection with supply of water and electricity,  disposal  of  sewerage  and  other  services  and  amenities  and  generally  to  do anything necessary or expedient for purposes of such development and for purposes incidental thereto.

Lastly allow me to express gratitude to our honored distinguished guests Madam Asya Naqash Hon’ble MOS, Er. Khurshid Ahmad Ganai CIC, Mr. Fayaz Ahmad Khan CTP for their gracious participation in today’s deliberations.

I wish the event a great success besides request the audience to present their views freely both in words and writing as required by the authorities. Thank you.

Er. Mohammad Ashraf Fazili FIE (Chairman IEI J&K SC)