Monthly Archives: February 2016

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Srinagar Samachar Weekly Newspaper                  February 01- February 07

 

ریویو

تذکرہ سالکین کشمیر                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                کتاب کا نام :-                   تذکرہ سالکین کشمیر

مصنف :- پیرزادہ محمد اشرف شاہ سید فاضلی

صفحات :-             698

پبلشر :-   شیخ اعجاز احمد

٭ کتاب کی شروعات کشمیر میں اسلام کے ورود سےکی گئ ہے- جس میں کئ ایسے انکشافات بھی ہیں-کہ بلبل شاہ صاحب سے  سو سال قبل ہی بارہ سو سادات کے ساتھ سید باقر نے اسلام کی تبلیغ کا سلسلہ شروع کر دیا تھا-

٭ چودہ خانوادوں کا تفصیلی تعارف کہ کس طرح حضرت علی ؑ نے ستر صاحبوں کو مرید فرمایا جن میں چار خلفاء مشہور ہیں- حضرت حسن ؑ و حضرت حسینؑ و  خواجہ کمیل ؑ اور حضرت حسن بصری ؑ-                               ٭ کشمیر کے چند سرکردہ سلسلوں کا تعارف بھی تفصیلا دیا ہوا ہے – کشمیر میں روحانی سلسلے کیسے پروانے چڑھے- یہاں زیادہ مقبول    روحانی سلسلے کون سے  پروان چڑھے- یہاں زیادہ مقبول  روحانی  سلسلے کون سے رہے- امیر کبیر میر سید علی ہمدانی ؑ  کا جامع تعارف – بیہقی سادات کا تعارف – حضرت شیخ یعقوب صرفی ؑ کے علمی و عملی کارنامے بھی شامل ہیں- حضرت شیخ نورالدین ؑ کے ریشی طریقت  پر سیر حاصل تحقیقی بحث کی گئ ہے-

٭ مجموعہ مسموعہ کے مصنف کا ایمان افروز کلام سلیس ترجمہ کے ساتھ فارسی کلام  میں اچھوتے انداز میں اولیائے کشمیر کے واقعات منظوم انداز میں بیان کئے گئے ہیں-                                                                      ٭  محبوب سبحانی حضرت شیخ عبدالقادر جیلانی ؑ کی مبارک زندگی کا تفصیلی تذکرہ علاوہ ازیں حضرت شہاب الدین عمر ابو حفص سہروردی ؑ ‘ حضرت شیخ بہا ء الدین ذکریا ملتانیؑ ‘ حضرت میر سید جلال الدین مخدوم جہانیاں جہانگشت ‘ محبوب العالم حضرت شیخ حمزہ ؑ ‘ حضرت  بابا داؤدخاکی ؑ ‘ خواجہ اعظم دیدہ مری (مصنف واقعات کشمیر) کا تفصیلی تعارف ‘ معزز میر واعظ خاندان کا تاریخی تعارف وغیرہ بھی قارئین کے لئے بہترین انداز میں پیش کیا گیا ہے-

یہ کتاب

طلباء-  مدرسین – محقق حضرات کے لئے نادر تحفہ ہے – سلیس اردو دلکش انداز میں تاریخی و ایمان افروز واقعات کی لڑی میں آب دار موتیوں کو جوڈا ہے – تمام شعبہ ہائے زندگی سے تعلق رکھنے والے افراد کے لئے یکسان مفید کتاب حاسل کرنے کے لئے بلا تاخیر نادر مفید کتابوں کا ذخیرہ رکھنے والے تقسیم کار گلشن بکس ریذیڈنسی روڈ سرینگر کشمیر سے رابطہ قائم کیجئے –

The Wet-lands of Kashmir

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The Wet-lands of Kashmir

Though world is celebrating wet-land day on 2nd February, 2016, we have little to celebrate as we have been witnessing the death of these wet lands due to our callousness and that of the authorities. Most of our wetlands have got converted into housing colonies, or got silted up over the years or have been filled up by land-fill with solid waste disposal and even disposal of untreated liquid wastes.

“In Kashmir, a swamp or wet-land is called ‘Nambal’, which is such a type of land, in which a portion of water mixes with a part of land and is always wet. At some places cattle sink and perish in it. At places it is hard; such type of land is cultivable as well as barren. In cultivable areas, the peasants use shovels to dig it for paddy plantation. At some places where land is not so hard, people plough it in water for sowing seeds. There is abundance of wild grass and reed in barren marshes”- records Tarikh-i-Hasan about a century back. During winter many of these wet-lands would attract migratory birds from as far as Siberia, Central Asia and other remote areas to escape harsh winters. Many of these water bodies which served as flood lungs have vanished due to the pressure of urbanization.

According to Tarikh-i-Hassan written a century back, these were as under:

Bemina Nambal : On the south of Srinagar adjacent to Batamaloo is a vast plain with some under cultivation of crops. There are springs and ponds of water in iy. Reed and other types of grass is produced here. During Kharif season, people plough land and uproot grass roots. After drying it they use it for cooking, replacing dry cow dung. Its scanty water-supply joins river Behat atop a bridge at Shalateng. (Presently it is a full-fledged housing colony, besides housing fruit mandi, Government offices, JVC hospital etc. after a land fill of 7 to 10 ft. depth, leaving no space for flood absorption.)

Brari Nambal:

It is in the middle of city towards north. In past, its water was clear and wavy. Now-a-days it is full of reed. In some places there are small pools of water. In summer, its waters joining Dal waters leaves through Nala Mar. It is dry in winter. (At present Nala Mar has been converted into a four lane road with shop-lines on either side. All the filthy drainage of about 4 lakh people has been flowing into this mini lake, with a reverse flow into Dal lake for over two decades. Now a gated connection has been given with river Jhelum near Biscoe bridge. Besides a garland sewer with a treatment plant has been constructed for treatment of the filthy drainage of the surrounding population.)

Tulla Mullah Nambal:

A vast swamp with agricultural fields on its sides, and rich growth of reed and grass. In its centre lies village Tulla Mulla, and famous spring of Khir Bhawani. In the past several canals were dug out of it for cultivation of crops. Now, with the passage of time, the canals have been replaced by reed plains. About the wonders of Kashmir, the historians have recorded that fishes are produced out of Tulla Mulla soils. In fact in the said swamp water level had raised at some spots. This deep water associated with other canals is home for fishes. For fishing people  made a hole on the floor of earth, fitted an instrument of wood, which is the specific instrument of fisherman and from that hole, they catch fish by an iron rod. There are various springs in this swamp and their waters after joining Sindlar river, flow into river Behat at Shardapur. (A Central University campus is reported to be coming up in the vicinity now.)

Magam Nambal:

To the north of Safapur, is a vast and spacious swamp, with some of its parts ideal for cultivation. In its middle, are reed and grasslands. Birds are in abundance for hunting. Its water passes through Ajas Nalah and then joins Ular lake.

Dur Nambal: It is spacious swamp to the south of Sopore, which is full of water in summer and is dry during winter. Water nuts grow here. Its water joins with river Behat.

Kanaspur Nambal:

It is situated near village Delina in Pargana Krohen, which is always covered under reed. Its banks are inhabited by people. Its water joins river Behat at Goras Boni.

Padgampore Nambal:

It is also called as Konahbal swamp. It is towards east from Pampore and is covered under grass. Its water flows down in river Behat.

Eth Khuro Nambal:

It is situated in Pargana Lar adjacent to village Chhandrah. Its water joins river Behat enroute Sind.

Marhama Nambal:

It is situated in Pargana Dachinapora, near Marhama village. Its water joins river Behat.

Most of these wetlands are either getting extinct or are on the verge of extinction. Our lakes like Wullar, Dal, Manasbal, Anchar, Khushhal Sar, Gil Sar etc. are also endangered. A serious effort is needed for saving the remaining water bodies and wet lands so vital for our survival.