Monthly Archives: January 2013

Traffic Management

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Traffic Management

Ashraf calls for added awareness regarding the road safety so that accidents can be avoided

(Mr. Mohammad Ashraf Fazili, 68, was born in Srinagar. He received his early schooling from the Government Middle School, Nowhatta, Srinagar, and from M.P. High School, Baghi Dilawar Khan in Srinagar. Mr. Fazili completed his F.Sc. from the Sri Pratap College in Srinagar, and received his Bachelor’s degree in Civil Engineering from the Annamalai University with honours grade. He joined the J&K government service upon graduation and steadily rose up the ranks to the position of Chief Engineer at his retirement. He managed a number of important infrastructure projects during his government service, including the Model Town Chrar-i-Sharif, Lower Jhelum Hydro Electric Project, Solid Waste Disposal Scheme Srinagar City, Circular Road Project Srinagar City, etc. He has numerous publications to his credit, including Srinagar the Sun City, Our Ancestors and Saints of Kashmir, etc., which were presented in seminar and symposia. He writes for various journals and is presently working on the Jhelum Valley Civilization.)

Ensure Public Safety

This refers to the “The road to Life” by Dr. Manzoor Ahmad Yetoo (GK, August 7, 2012). The rise in road traffic in J&K State without compatible increase/improvement of road network has been one of the factors responsible for traffic accidents. When the space occupied by vehicles proportionate to available road surface area is not monitored, it results in frequent traffic congestion, causing heavy loss in terms of working hours of people besides wastage of POL. The other factor is the poor geometrics of our roads, which were mostly designed for animal driven carts from Maharaja’s time. The other important reasons are deficiencies in vehicular design, inept maintenance and usage, poor driving and unusual road user behavior, lack of education and enforcement of traffic rules. To add to this, it is the lack of will to comply with the basic tenets of traffic safety which is the main cause of road accidents.

Every hour 40 people under the age of 25 die in road accidents around the globe. According to the WHO, this is the second most important cause of death for 5 to 29 year olds. In India alone the death toll rose to 14 per hour in 2009 as compared to 13 the previous year. The total number of deaths every year due to road accidents has now passed 35,000 mark according to the latest report of National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB). While trucks and 2-wheelers were responsible for over 40 % of deaths, peak traffic during the afternoon and evening rush hours is the most dangerous time to be on the roads.

It is often said that accidents are caused; they just do not happen. If factors responsible are identified properly and appropriate remedial measures are taken on an inter-disciplinary basis, there is no reason why the number of accidents should not reduce. Apart from road and traffic factors, human factors are often responsible for accidents, which are caused by lack of judgment, sometimes by over confidence and sometimes by callousness, whether on the part of drivers or any other road user including the pedestrians.

Besides dire punishment to drivers for their negligence under Motor Vehicles Act, it is also necessary that the drivers are well trained in the art of driving and made conscious of their duties towards the other road users. There is a need to establish a model Motor-driving Teaching Institution especially for drivers of heavy vehicles. In UAE, I have found that the license is issued only after attending the driving institute and after passing the tedious test. Similarly the pedestrians ought to know the rules of the road. Besides, the parking rules are ignored by the road users, while in the former case, education and publicity could help to a great deal in educating public on how to cross the road, deterrent punishment should be imposed on those who violate parking rules for their selfish interests and cause reduction in the road space leading to a number of accidents. The authorities need to provide multi-storeyed parking lots in the congested parts of the city centre even if they need to acquire some space and dismantle some structures.

Accident prevention measures comprise of three E’s, viz. Engineering, Education and Enforcement. Accident statistics in India highlight the driver’s fault as the predominant cause and therefore enforcement and education are much more important than engineering. Better traffic engineering, improved traffic management operations, proper enforcement and intensive road user education programs can definitely bring down the number of accidents and provide safer roads for the community.

Strict enforcement of traffic laws keeps accidents under check even when the vehicles travel at a maximum speed of 120 kmph. We witness frequent fatal accidents on Jammu-Srinagar National Highway and other hilly roads. Inspection of vehicles before putting them on roads is a must, for which mechanical workshop facilities need to be provided at vital spots at the foot and also at the top of steep ghat sections, where especially the loaded vehicles can be inspected and only the certified ones can be allowed to enter the ghat sections. Self-discipline needs to be inculcated in all vehicle owners to get their vehicles periodically inspected and apply for registration or renewal of registration of only such vehicles that are certified to be road worthy by approved workshops.

Highway engineers need to provide a safe road system. The present road system is not fully geared to meet the demands of the modern heavy and fast moving traffic. The presence of a variety of slow and fast moving vehicles, overcrowding of arterial routes and thoroughfares, encroachments and ribbon development, poor lighting conditions and improper intersection designs create conditions for accidents. Therefore it is important to pin-point specific reasons for the cause of accident at a particular spot. Once the correct accident information is made available and properly analysed, it would be possible to find out the causes of accidents and undertake timely remedial measures.

Maintaining and developing the present road system to a high standard within the available funds is the responsibility of Highway Engineer. While for the new roads, it would be necessary to provide for inbuilt traffic safety at the design stage itself; for the existing roads, the solution will vary from situation to situation. There may be cases for improving geometric deficiencies or providing improved facilities like widening and constructing fly-overs. It should be ensured that measures, which can reduce the number of accidents to maximum extent at minimum cost, are given first priority. Every year funds can be got earmarked for the purpose out of plan or non-plan allocation from the authorities.

Posted by at 12:26 PM 

A PAGE FROM CHIRAG-i-MARIFAT/ CHILCHILAT-UL-ARIFEEN

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HAZRAT MAKHDUM SHAIKH HAMZA (RA) [900 AH- 984 AH]

(An introductory page from “CHARAG-I-MURIFAT”- translation of ‘CHILCHILATUL ARIFEEN by Hazrat Moulana Mohammad Ishaq Qari Kashmiri (b. Mazar-i-Baqi).

After the advent of Islam Kashmir has produced innumerable Awlya, Aqtab, Abdal and  renowned Scholars, who have served the cause of Islam to their utmost,  using all their abilities and had made the sole purpose of their life the spread of the religious knowledge, eradication of Kufr and Shirk and to promote love among humanity. They devoted every moment of their life in this very purpose. Among these spiritual giants, the revered person of Hazrat Sultan-ul-Arifeen does not call for any introduction. Every child of Kashmir is acquainted by his name and about the location of his last resting place.

HIS BIRTH:

His sacred birth took place at Tujjar Zaina Gir in 900 AH in the house of Baba Mohammad Usman Raina. His mother Bibi Maryam was a pious, God-fearing, devoted to regular prayers and fasting. She was a degree higher than other girls of the village in her intellect, understanding and shyness, thus unparalleled. The family of Baba Usman Raina had been converted to Islam since six generations only. His dynasty belongs to the historically famous and well known dynasty of Chandar-Bansi clan, which according to Shastrya books  reaches up to Brahma. From the different history books, which have recorded their details in Urdu and Persian, the family tree is as under:

Hazrat Makhdum Shaikh Mohammad Hamza (RA) ibni Mohammad Usman Raina, ibni Zaiti Raina, ibni Jahangir Raina, ibni Daulat Raina, ibni Abdal Raina,ibni Ahmad Raina, ibni Rawan Chandar, ibni Ram Chandar, ibni Sangram Chandar, ibni Bilad Chandar, ibni Mal Chandar, ibni Susram Chandar.

With the fruitful association of religious scholars and sofi saints, this dynasty too got once influenced by  spiritual rays of Islam. Many God-fearing, pious and noble persons were born in this dynasty, who spread the lesson of humanity and best etiquette among masses. Lastly it was Hazrat Makhdum Shaikh Hamza (RA), who was born in this family, who established his might of spiritual excellence not only among Kashmiris, but also in rest of India as well, and transformed lakhs of people in the likeness of the  purified gold, after building their inner character. Moulana Ishaq Qari Kashmiri (RA) states about an event that took place in the childhood of Hazrat Sultan-ul-Arifeen that after thorough research and enquiry, it is established that he was a born saint and he was blessed by the sight of Hazrat Khiza (AS), when he was still in the mother’s womb.According to Moulana Ishaq  (RA), when his mother had to go out in the darkness during her pregnancy, she could see nothing and was very much vexed and suddenly there was a light like that of the fourteenth moon and she thought, what could this light be due to, which made entire surroundings to shine? And there came a reply that this light is due to the spirituality of your son, who is in your womb. By the light of his spirituality, a world will become enlightened and common people will get an everlasting benefit and in fact all this happened later on. He conveyed the message of Tawheed, Risalat and of human brotherhood among innumerable servants of God and lakhs of the servants were successful on sipping the drink of Unity.

His initial Education:

His initial education took place in Tujjar village Pargana Zainagir. After this he was admitted in the Madrasa Dar-ul-Shifa of Baba Ismail Kubravi in Srinagar., Where ther was arrangement of teaching inner knowledge along with the external knowledge. He learnt the intricacies of concentrating on Allah, night worship, tahajjud, Awrad-u-Azkar etc. His mind and heart became clear like a mirror after getting trained in all these traits. He reached his pinnacle of the outer knowledge in the young age of twenty only. His teachers would be surprised on seeing his alarming ability and descriptive answers of the questions put to him. This was all due to the inner knowledge-( Alim-i-Ludni)

Silsila Suhrawardy:

A grand person of Silsila Suhrawardy Hazrat Sayid Jalal-ud-Din Dehlavi (RA) was once seated in Madina Munawarah. He witnessed in a dream a handsome adult in conversation with the Prophet Muhammad (PBH) and found blessings being showered on him. Makhdum Sayid Jalal-ud-Din asked, “O’ Prophet of Allah, what is the name of this boy and where does he live?” The reply was , “Outwardly he is the son of Baba Mohammad Usman Raina of Kashmir, but otherwise he is our son spiritually” It was on the instructions of the Prophet (PBH) that Sayid Jalal-ud-Din came to Kashmir to guide this  youth. Thus Sayid Jalal-ud-Din guided him after reaching Kashmir and handed over to him the Khilafat nama of Suhrawardy Sisila. He stated that whatever was in his possession, that I have given to you as it was. If any true seeker comes, this gift should reach him too, so that the servants of God are guided. Sayid Jamal-ud-Din remained in Kashmir for six months and then  returned to other corners of India for preaching among people of the  land.

The Shajra Mubarak of Suhrawardy Silsila is as under:

Hazrat Muhammad (PBH), Hazrat Ali (KW), Khwaja Hasan Basri (RA), Khwaja Habib Raiy (RA), Shaikh Maroof Karkhi (RA), Shaikh Siri Siqti (RA), Shaikh Junaid Baghdadi (RA), Shaikh Mumshad Dainuri (RA), Shaikh Ahmad Aswad Daynuri (RA), Shaikh Abdullah Amwiya (RA), Shaikh Zia-ud-Din Abul Najib Suhrawardy(RA), Shaikh-ul-Shayukh Shaikh Shahab-ud-Din Suhrawardy (RA), Makhdum Shaikh Baha-ud-Din Zakarya Multani (RA), Shaikh Sadr-ud-Din Arif (RA), Abul Fatah Shaikh Rukn-ud-Din  (RA), Makhdum Jahanyan Sayid Jalal-ud-Din Bukhari (RA), Makhdum Sayid Nasir-ud-Din (RA), Sayid Makhdum Hamid Kabir (RA), Makhdum Sayid Shah Abul Fatah Rukn-ud-Din (RA), Makhdum Sayid Mahmood Abul Qasim (RA), Makhdum Sayid Mohammad (RA), Makhdum Sayid Hamid Sageer (RA), Makhdum Abdul Wahab Dehlavi (RA), Makhdum Sayid Jalal-ud-Din Bukhari Dehlavi (RA), Makhdum Shaikh Mohammad Hamza Kashmiri  (RA).

His Khalifas:

When he got the Khilafat-nama of Suhrawardy silsila, he started to benefit people by preaching and training them, in his house at Kalashpora Mukhdum Mandav Srinagar and people of every category used to come to him, who would get training in their inner and  outer form according to their capacity. Among  the scholars of the time the  following were  the persons who got fully benefitted by his  useful association, who spread  the knowledge of do’s and donts among lakhs of Kashmiris. Their biographies are recorded in detail in different books. The prominent disciples were: Hazrat Moulana Baba Daud Khaki (RA), Shaikh Ahmad Chagli (RA), Khwaja Hasan Qari (RA), Khwaja Ishaq Qari (RA),  Moulana Feroz Ganai (RA), Mir Baba Haidar Tulmuli (RA), Mohammad Ali Raina (RA), Molvi Mir Mohammad Afzal (RA), Baba Hardi Reshi (RA), Bayazid Shimnagi (RA) etc.

Baba Daud Khaki:

He was the most favourite disciple of Sultan-ul-Arifeen and was called Abu Hanifa Sani due to his thorough hold on knowledge of Fiqah and Hadith. His disciples  mentioned in the booksl/manuscripts are: Hazrat  Mir Nazuk Qadiri (RA0, Baba Naseeb-ud-Din Gazi (RA), Khwaja Masood Pampori (RA), Khwaja Dawood Balkhi Zoonimari (RA), Shaikh Mohammad Moomin Shah-Sayid Suhrawardy (RA)- ancestor of the author, Haji uttar  Baba (RA), Shaikh Mohammad Parsa(RA), Shaikh Ghazi-ud-Din (RA), Mir Yaqoob (RA), Khwaja Mohammad Parsa (RA), Shaikh Mohammad Sayeed (RA) (S/O Khaki) etc. Likewise the list of disciples of others  too is a long one.

Biographies of Makhdum Shaikh Hamza (RA):

His khalifas and faithful  disciples have  recorded countless books on his life in both prose and poetry, out of which the poetry book WIRD_UL_MURIDIN of Moulana Baba Dawood Khaki is famous. Its detailed translation DASTUR-US-Slikeen too has been done by him and both the books have been printed. Moulana Mohammad Ishaq Qari has written in 982 AH a detailed account of His biography and miracles performed  by him in the book CHILdren CHILAT-UL-ARIFEEN, which has been translated from Persian to Urdu by Abdul Salam Suhrawardy of Naid Kadal Srinagar in 1982 AD. Khwaja Mohammad Hasan Qari (RA0 has  written RAHAT-UL-TLIBEEN. Baba Ali  Mohammad Raina has written TAZKIRAT-UL-ARIFEEN. These are yet to be published. Baha-ud-Din Mattoo has written in Persian poetry the book SULTANYA. Saif-ud-Din Qari has written recently  MATA-i- NOOR with quotes from ‘Dastur-us-Salikeen’, which has been printed. Khwaja Ghulam Mohi –ud-Din Amritsari has published from Amritsar a pamphlet in 1914 AD named TUHFA-i-MAHBOOBIA. Besides this many pamphlets have been written in Urdu and English by different  persons who rever the saint. There are countless poetic  presentations made by many  authors Respectable Moulana Mohammad Qasim Bukhari (RA) has translated in Arabic poetry the WIRD-UL_Muridin.

His death:

After attaining the age of 84 years and after a brief illness of seven days, he passed away on 24th Safar, 984 AH (INNAte Lillehammer WA INNAte aloha RAJIOON) and I am writing this on 24th Safar, 1434 i.e. exactly 450 years after according to Hijri Calender. He was buried on Koh-i-Maran, where he used to spend days and nights in solitude. Lakhs of people offered Nimaz-i-Janaza. Khwaja Mohammad Tahir Rafiqi Ashai (RA)gave him the last bath and led the Janaza prayers. His mausoleum is frequented by all anf=d sundry and lakhs of people pay theirrespects on his  Durgah every year. Incidently today too is his 450th URS-i- MUBARAK.

 

 

 

SULTAN-UL-ARIFEEN HAZRAT SHAIKH HAMZA MAKHDUM KASHMIRI (RA)

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Suhrawardy Order:

Surabward or Suhrabkard is located in Iran, and has over the time got modified to Suharward. It was one great honoured Shaikh Zia-ud-Din Abu Najib Suhrawardy of this place, who was the master of grandeur, blessings and achievements. However it was his spiritual successor and his brother Shaikh Shahab-ud-Din Qmar Suhrawardy, who framed the principals and bye-laws of this order and achieved fame in the Islamic world by dint of his extraordinary qualities. He got benefitted by having met Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jeelani (RA), Shaikh-i-Akbar Mohi-ud-Din Ibn-i-Arabi (RA) and Moulana Baha-ud-Din Walad ‘RA’ (father of the honoured Moulana Jalal-ud-Din Rumi ‘RA’). He is the author of “Awarif-ul-Marif”, which is that living book, wherein he has explained the ‘reality and importance of Salook and Muarifat’ in such an appealing manner that it is considered a unique book in the Sufi literature. The great Personalities and Mashaikh of all the orders have uniformly taken advantage of this book and have studied it in their learning courses.

Although the spread and publicity of Suhrawardy order was made through many great saints, yet the persons who achieved the leadership and common following with successful publicity of this order in India were, Hazrat Shaikh Baha-ud-Din Zakaria Multani ‘RA’ (d. 1262 AD), Hazrat Shaikh Ahmad Kabir (RA), Makhdum Sayid Jalal-ud-Din Husain Jahanian Jahangasht ‘RA’ (d.1308 AD), Abu Mohammad Abdullah Burhan-ud-Din Qutb-i-Alam Gujrati (RA), Shaikh Hamid-ud-Din Nagoori (RA) etc. Thousands of the thirsty people of the spiritual knowledge got blessed by them, and lakhs of people took a pledge on their hands and adopted the way of repentance and turned to be their followers. In Kashmir this order got maximum impetus through the respected progeny and the honoured disciples of Hazrat Makhdum Jahanian (RA). In some travelogues, in which the details of the journey of Hazrat Makhdum (RA) are mentioned, there we get clear indications of Hazrat Makhdum (RA) having visited Kashmir as well. However it was after about one hundred fifty years after his death that Hazrat Sayid Jamal-ud-Din Bukhari (RA) revived this order on visiting Kashmir, which had a hidden hint. Hazrat Sayid found the result of his dream fulfilled, through a seeker of knowledge, who was extraordinarily busy and occupied in the acquisition of the faith, spiritual knowledge and self-purification and who lived nearby around the Khanqah of Malik Ahmad Yatoo in Srinagar, where Sayid Jamal-ud-Din (RA) was staying. He stayed here for full six months to train this student, whose name was Shaikh Hamza (RA) and who later became renowned with the auspicious name of Sultan-ul Arifeen Shaikh Hamza Makhdoom Kashmiri (RA) due to his lasting religious services, revival of Sunnat wal Jamat, rejection of wrong innovations and training of thousands of inhabitants, besides setting them right and making them his disciples. He performed significant acts in defending the attacks of faithless and uncontrolled rulers, greedy and compromising scholars and pretending Sufis, which has been the usual trait of revivers (Mujaddidin) in every period of time. Although Hazrat Shaikh had got benefitted from all the orders and had passed through all the ways of ‘Salook and Tariqat’, but Hazrat Sayid Jamal-ud-Din had drawn his attention towards Suhrawardya order and made him its revivalist, till he became –“muzhir and muzhar”-the symbol and declarer- of Suhrawardy and Chishti ‘Tariqat.’ “Bood az khanwadah mustafeed amma basey—Suhrawardy raw a Chishti muzhir wa mazhar shudast”-(Wirdul muridin by Baba Dawood Khaki RA)

After Hazrat Shaikh Hamza Makhdum (RA) the caring for the Suhrawardi order fell in the lap of his special disciples and exalted khalifs among whom the prominent ones in the list were Shaikh Dawood Khaki (RA), Shaikh Ishaq Qari (RA), Allama Jawhar Nant Muhaddis (RA)- (disciple of Hafiz Ibn Hajar Tamimi Makki (RA) and Principal of Madrasa Sultan Qutb-ud-Din), Shaikh Haidar Tulamuli (RA), Shaikh Ahmad Chagli (RA), Khwaja Zain Ali Tabur(RA), Muhadis Shams-ud-Din Paul and Mufti Feroz-ud-Din Shahid. These saints guided Muslims at the right earnest and lit the lamps of Tawhid and Sunnah after they were benefitted with the blessings of Shaikh Hamza (RA). Among these was Allama Shaikh Dawood Khaki ‘RA’ (who was called as second Abu Hanifa in his knowledge and achievements and was the Grand Qazi with pomp and show, before falling in the training lap of Shaikh Hamza ‘RA’) who safeguarded his heritage and paid equally through his worthy writings, which serves to rejuvenate the dead minds of people even to-day and spreads the blessings and benefits of Shaikh-the guide among the masses. . Among his prominent disciples were: Hazrat Mir Nazuk Qadiri (RA), Baba Nasib-ud-Din Ghazi (RA), Khwaja Masood Pampori (RA), Haji Dawood Balkhi Zoonimari (RA), Shaikh Mohammad Parsa (RA), Shaikh Ghazi-ud-Din (RA), Shaikh Hasan Khoihami (RA), Mulla Jawhar Nant (RA), Shaikh Mohammad Moomin Shah-Sayid Suhrawardy (RA)-[ancestor of the author], Shaikh Mohammad Sayeed (son of Baba Dawood Khaki ‘RA’) etc. Thus the Suhrawardy order has spread widely in the valley along with other  Sufi orders.